In enforcing this rule, the referee depends greatly on an assistant referee , who generally keeps in line with the second-to-last opponent, the ball, or the halfway line, whichever is closer to the goal line of their relevant end. One of the main duties of the Assistant Referees is to assist the referee in adjudicating offside  — their position on the sidelines giving a more useful view sideways across the pitch.
This change was part of a general movement by the game's authorities to make the rules more conducive to attacking football and help the game to flow more freely. Determining whether a player is "involved in active play" can be complex. Assistant referees communicate that an offside offence has occurred by raising a signal flag. The execution requires careful timing by the defence and is considered a risk, since running up field against the direction of attack may leave the goal exposed.
Offside offence[ edit ] A player in an offside position at the moment the ball is touched or played by a teammate is only penalised for committing an offside offence if, in the opinion of the referee, they become involved in active play by: The risk of false judgement is further increased by the foreshortening effect, which occurs when the distance between the attacking player and the assistant referee is significantly different from the distance to the defending player, and the assistant referee is not directly in line with the defender.
An attacker, upon realizing he is in an offside position, may simply choose to avoid interfering with play until the ball is played by someone else first. Any part of the player's head, body or feet is closer to the opponents' goal line than both the ball and the second-last opponent. A player is in an 'offside position' if they are in the opposing team's half of the field and also "nearer to the opponents' goal line than both the ball and the second-last opponent.
In neither of these cases is the player being penalised for being offside, they are being cautioned for acts of unsporting behaviour. No player is allowed to loiter between the ball and the adversaries' goal.
It becomes an offence only if the ball is played or touched by a teammate while they are in an offside position and the player subsequently becomes involved in active play according to the definitions given in the Laws of the Game no matter if any of these events occur after they move to an onside position. In enforcing this rule, the referee depends greatly on an assistant referee , who generally keeps in line with the second-to-last opponent, the ball, or the halfway line, whichever is closer to the goal line of their relevant end. Assistant referees communicate that an offside offence has occurred by raising a signal flag.
Posted by: Gutilar | on October 2, 2012
The compromise rule that was written into the Laws of the Game in , and eventually adopted universally, was to adopt a form of the Cambridge rule, but with "at least three" rather than "more than three" opponents. Any part of the player's head, body or feet is closer to the opponents' goal line than both the ball and the second-last opponent. These offside rules, which varied widely between schools, were often much stricter than the modern game.
Now that changes to the interpretations of "interfering with play, interfering with an opponent and gaining an advantage" mean a player is not guilty of an offside offence unless they become directly and clearly involved in active play, players not involved in active play cannot be "caught offside", making the tactic riskier. Assistant referees communicate that an offside offence has occurred by raising a signal flag.
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When the offside offence occurs, the referee stops play and awards an indirect free kick to the defending team from the place where the offending player became involved in active play. One of the main duties of the Assistant Referees is to assist the referee in adjudicating offside  — their position on the sidelines giving a more useful view sideways across the pitch.
Some researchers believe that offside officiating errors are "optically inevitable". Offside position[ edit ] The blue forward on the left of the diagram is in an offside position as they are ahead of both the ball and the second-last opponent marked by the dotted line in the opponents' half of the pitch.